Edison’s Vision for the Kinetograph and Kinetoscope by Mayra Acero

Thomas Edison and assistant William Kennedy Laurie Dickson had a vision to create a device that would allow us to see moving images of film. Dickson created the Kinetograph and Kinetoscope but since the work and equipment was provided by Edison in his laboratory, Edison is the one who is well known to have created these two camera equipments. The Kinetograph is a device that records motion pictures while the Kinetoscope is a device that projects the motion pictures for the audience to view the film.

The first film production studio was the Black Maria built in Edison property. After filming many “home movies” Dickson decided to create his own company called American Mutoscope Company. Meanwhile two french men Louis and Auguste founders of the Lumiere Brothers created the Cinematographe which is camera and projector in one.
Edison sued the American Mutoscope Company saying how they copied his idea. He did not win the law suit. The Court said that the motion-picture camera was not invented by Edison. Soon after the law suit Edison founded Motion Pictures Patents Corp. until 1917 Edison left the industry and continued inventing other devices.

Edison and Early Cinema- Christine Brosnan

Thomas Edison’s vision for the Kinetograph and Kinetoscope were originally based on his conception of the phonograph cylinder. In the cylinder there was a sequence of tiny photographic images. So when the cylinder rotated the illusion would be reproduced with the help of reflected light. This ultimately wasn’t successful for Edison and with the help of others in the field he moved in a different direction. The competition between Edison company and Biograph company was that the Mutoscopes from the Biograph company were replacing Edison’s Kinetoscopes. At the same time Biograph projectors were being used in theaters across the country. It wasn’t until Edison retaliated by building in New York City an indoor film studio that could operate all year. When Edison filed a patent for the Kinetograph and the Kinetoscope it was difficult for other film companies to compete with him. In the patent, the width of the film was to be 35mm, which made it possible for the use of a cylinder.

Edison and Early Cinema… Rachel

Thomas Edison and Kinetograph

Thomas Edison and Kinetograph

Edison created the Kinetoscope for viewing moving pictures. They were set up as a form of cheep entertainment. People would pay a nickel to view the little clips in the kinetoscope. As this became popular so did the places in which these devices are placed they called it Nickelodeon theaters. It was placed in the front of the store. Later he patented his inventions and also the inventions of others. Thomas Edison would make other people’s inventions work more efficiently.
Edison sort to monopolize the movie industry and he did for a while because his name was already well established. He created the “Edison Trust” , formally know as the Motion Picture Patient company. That what his tool for keeping down the competition. All movie equipment would be bought or rented from them, movie content also had to be approved by the trust. If any one would try to copy or use the equipment for something he didn’t approve of Edison would take them to court until he wins or they go bankrupt. Exhibitors were required to pay the company two dollars a week for showing a film.
Theaters in poorer neighborhoods would receive broken or they would not get deliveries. Edison in the early theatre had a hold on the movie industry. Soon his opponents would
eventually end his reign .


Edison and early cinema Assignment 1- Bianca williams

Edisons vision for the kinetograph and the kinetoscope were set very high. Edison thought there was money to be made with the kinetograph, which was the recorder and the kinetoscope which was the viewer. He didn’t think people would just want to sit in audiences to see an image on a screen, which was the norm.
Edison’s view and strategy changed overtime to constantly fighting for control of “his” movie industry due to the competition from companies like American Mutoscope and Biograph. To take back his control Edison would harass others, and buy patents from anyone he thought was a threat to his company.
The patent wars that Edison initiated stopped other companies from competing with him because once there company came close to what Edison’s company was doing he would file a law suit against them forcing those companies to have to change there names or find new inventions. But later on in the 1908 a lot of the companies banded together including the Edison Film Manufacturing Company who led it all, to come together and work cooperative instead of competing against one another.

Assignment 1 by Melanie Melendez Hernandez

Thomas Edison had a hand in creating two very important objects that would set the ball rolling for American films, the kinetoscope and the kinetograph. The kinetograph was a device that could record film and the kinetoscope was used to present the film recorded to audiences.

Thomas Edison didn’t properly patent his devices and other inventors, such as the Lumiere brothers, created their own versions of the kinetoscope. These new inventions helped drive the motion picture industry towards the future.

Due of the troubles he went through because he did not properly patent his devices, Edison teamed up with the American Mutoscope and Biograph Pictures and other filmmakers to form the Motion Pictures Patents Company.


Edison and Early Cinema – Assignment 1 – Stephan Moyano

Famed American inventor Thomas Alva Edison and his assistant William Kennedy Laurie Dickson develop what is known as a Kinetograph. This newly invented camera which captivated movement became the major reason for the emergence of motion pictures in the 1890’s. Following the Kinetograph came the Kinetoscope, which also became a very popular device. People were amazed by the moving images and on August 31st 1897 the Kinetoscope was finally patented.

Inspiration arises after all significant inventions, triggering the brains of The Lumiere Brothers.In France, the Lumiere brothers (Louis and Auguste) revolutionize Edison’s work and create what is known as the Cinematographe which combined both the work of a Kinetograph and Kinetoscope, also allowing more than one person at a time to view the projection of a film. With the Cinematographe creating a larger audience, Edison’s viewpoint “one machine for every viewer was more to be desired than a hundred or more viewers for every machine” would become contradicted by his actions.

With Cinema’s increase in audience members, companies such as the American Mutoscope Company and the American Vitagraph Company became mostly-known as the forms of entertainment. Being the ambitious man that Edison was it was without a doubt that he felt a desire of recognition if not accreditation in the work he had established. Therefore, he filed a patent-infringement lawsuit against the American Mutoscope Company and continued doing so with any other competitor companies, all within his rights.

Assignment #1 Edison and early cinema

Thomas Edison was very well known for many invention but the one that we all remenber the most is the light bulb but who knew he also went into creating machines that could also create motion pictures working together with his partner dickson who was really the mastermind behind this work as Edison provided him the the fasility to further his invetnion. Dickson was resonsible for the creation of the kinetograph this machine syncronized film projection with sound of a phonograph.leading to the rise of motion pictures.


imgreslater on in 1895 there the lumiere brothers that where interested in this technology then leading them to invent a machine for themself called the cinematograph combing the ability to print, camera and projector all at the same time.32434_2